Mills in Altoaragón - harinero
is a village
situated in the Jacetania region south of Jaca. From Jaca take the A-1205 to Santa María de la Peña.
The road is narrow and winding and it will take you nearly an hour for the 28 km to Bernués.
After a sharp turn to the right the village will turn up in the distance and a bit further on You will
and San Juan de la Peña
signposted. At the same spot at the
other side of the road a track leads down to the Ermita de San Alejandro
and to the mill. Drop your vehicle
and walk the trail.
(13) Turbine with transmission high in the cárcavo
he workplace of the mill is out of reach but the
parts hidden out of sight in the cárcavo are accessible and rather well preserved.
I have never seen a cárcavo this high (15, †
There are three levels.
Placed on a plateau just below the roof of the cárcavo is a turbine (13)
with a transmission box on top of it. There is a horizontal axle
with two wheels fitted: a cogwheel and a belt wheel. The latter was probably of no use; I could not
find where the belt would have gone. It is possible that the axle passes through the wall
at the right side and powered machinery (e.g. bolter, cleaner) in the workplace.
The cogwheel grips into a bigger wheel with teeth of wood. The axle of the latter passes
through the roof of the cárcavo and would have turned the stone.
Lastly there is a lever making it possible to tune the system from the workplace.
he upper turbine is drained by a wide
tube which runs steeply down for a few meters (14) and then serves as input for
the second turbine (16). The outlet of this turbine is a much narrower pipe (15).
The turbine could be adjusted from the workfloor via cog- and wormwheels mounted on very
long axles. An axle of a few meters length comes down through the roof of the cárcavo (18 right).
At its bottom end cog wheels provide for a change to the horizontal (14 bottom). At the
end of this slightly shorter rod a worm wheel grips into a cog wheel from the
turbine (16, 19).
The body of the turbine carries a tag of the Arrés, Caldearenas)
I could find almost nothing about Amorós. It was probably one of the smaller companies of the
company based in Zaragoza. Though this company is present in other mills
(14) Drain of 1st turbine with control for 2nd
(15) Cárcavo with turbines (top) and drain (bottom)
(16) Turbine low in the cárcavo
(17) Tag on turbine (16)
(18) Roof of cárcavo with two holes for axles
(19) Lower turbine with drain in the background
It is not clear what was done with the lower turbine (19).
The mouth of the cárcavo continues in a wide and deep
ditch (15, 20) which delivers water to another, smaller, flour mill further down.
† exception made perhaps for the
Molino bajo of Ena. The other dimensions of the cárcavo there are
much smaller though.