Mills in Altoaragón - harinero
Javierre de Olsón
is most easily to reach
from the main road between L'Ainsa and Barbastro when you turn to Lamata in Mesón
de Ligüerre de Cinca. Following the narrow road leading to Olsón you'll
reach Javierre. Walk down towards the Río Susía, cross the river
and there you are. A lovely way to enjoy the landscape is to walk
in from the north starting at Castejón de Sobrarbe. Take a map and
binoculars with you. The region teems with birdlife. The mills tap water from the Río Susía.
Overview of the site
black arrow points to upper harinero.
Entrance of upper mill
left: the wall of the embalse.
he upper harinero rests against
the wall of the embalse which reaches the roof of the mill. The roof collapsed, the
workplace is in disarray and what is left of the tools lies scattered around. Notice
the cilindrical guardapolvo and the impeccable torno
The torno is a tool typical for
places where bread was made - bakeries, large family houses, and also several mills
(e.g. Castillazuelo, Centenera, Yésero, etc.)
The torno is a bolting machine used
to split the flour into three fractions : very fine (minudillo), fine (cabezuela) and
coarse (tercera) corresponding with the three valves. A crank comes out of one of the
short sides. At the inside of the box this crank is connected with an axis
mounted between the short sides. An octagonal prism is fitted to this axis which
is slightly off horizontal. The prism is lined with gauze with a different mesh
for each section. Small mallets of wood inside the prism kept
the flour off lumping while the crank was operated.
Workplace in disarray.
Torno = bolting machine.
lthough the vegetation asks
for quite a bit of grooming before allowing you access to the cárcavo, you'll
agree that it is well worth the effort after you have been inside.
The cárcavo is very deep and spacious and contains only one rueda.
The botana (nozzle) is mounted on a protruding section of the back-wall. It's all very similar
to the situation in the molino Villacampa of Mondot in the same valley.
The big difference is the material of the wheel :
iron in Mondot and wood here.
Rueda, botana and levador
Cárcavo with ample room.
Detail of the rodezno made of wood.
Cárcavo looking at the lower mill
e've seen wooden wheels at very few
sites (e.g. Ainielle
) and we were either
kept away by a protective grid or the wheel was fallen into pieces. This wheel however
is in perfect condition and you can touch it to appreciate the fascinating craftmanship.
Look at the shape of the individual blades.
The water was evacuated through a wide channel
leading to the lower harinero only a few meters away but hidden behind the
scrub in the channel.